Windows XP - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Windows XPA version of the Windows NT operating system.
The first two editions released by Microsoft are Windows XP Home Edition, designed for home users, and Windows XP Professional, designed for business and power users.
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Clockwise from top left; Control Panel, Desktop Properties, Command Prompt, Taskbar (at the very bottom) and Microsoft Word. Developer. Microsoft. Source model. Closed source, shared sourceReleased tomanufacturing. August 2. 4, 2. 00. Generalavailability. October 2. 5, 2. 00. Latest release. 5.
Build 2. 60. 0: Service Pack 3) / April 2. Update method. Windows Update. Windows Server Update Services (WSUS)System Center Configuration Manager (SCCM)Platforms.
IA- 3. 2, x. 86- 6. Itanium. Kernel type. Hybrid. License. Trialware, volume licensing, Saa. SPreceded by. Windows 2. Windows ME (2. 00. Succeeded by. Windows Vista (2. Support status. Mainstream support ended on April 1.
Extended support ended on April 8, 2. Exceptions exist; see В§ Support lifecycle for details. Windows XP (codenamed Whistler) is a personal computeroperating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems. The operating system was released to manufacturing on August 2. October 2. 5, 2. 00. Development of Windows XP began in the late 1.
Neptune", an operating system built on the Windows NT kernel which was intended specifically for mainstream consumer useвЂ”an updated version of Windows 2. However, in January 2. OS codenamed "Whistler", which would serve as a single OS platform for both consumer and business markets. Windows XP was a major advance from the MS- DOS based versions of Windows in security, stability and efficiency due to its use of Windows NT underpinnings. It introduced a significantly redesigned graphical user interface and was the first version of Windows to use product activation in an effort to reduce its copyright infringement. Upon its release Windows XP received generally positive reviews, with critics noting increased performance (especially in comparison to Windows ME), a more intuitive user interface, improved hardware support, and its expanded multimedia capabilities. Despite some initial concerns over the new licensing model and product activation system, Windows XP eventually proved to be popular and widely used. It is estimated that at least 4.
Windows XP were sold globally within its first five years of availability, and at least one billion copies were sold by April 2. Windows XP remained popular even after the release of newer versions, particularly due to the poorly received release of its successor Windows Vista. Vista's 2. 00. 9 successor, Windows 7, only overtook XP in total market share at the end of 2. Sales of Windows XP licenses to original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) ceased on June 3. October 2. 01. 0. Extended support for Windows XP ended on April 8, 2. As of September 2.
Windows XP market share is 1. Cuba at 4. 1. 3. 4%,[1. China at 3. 0%,[1. India; Asia in general and Africa), making it the second most popular version of Windows after Windows 7 (though some statistics rank it third after Windows 8. DevelopmentAs "Neptune" and "Odyssey"In the late 1. Windows XP was focused on two individual products; "Odyssey", which was reportedly intended to succeed the future Windows 2.
Neptune", which was intended to succeed the MS- DOS- based Windows 9. Windows NT- based product designed for consumers. Based on the NT 5.
Windows 2. 00. 0, Neptune primarily focused on offering a simplified, task- based interface based around a concept known internally as "activity centers". A number of activity centers were planned, serving as hubs for communications (i. A single build of Neptune, 5.
Windows 2. 00. 0 in places), revealed early work on the activity center concept, with an updated user account interface and graphical login screen, common functions (such as recently used programs) being accessible from a customizable "Starting Places" page (which could be used as either a separate window, or a full- screen desktop replacement).[1. However, the project, at its current state, proved to be too ambitious. Microsoft would ultimately shelve Bill Gates' 1. Windows 9. 8 would be the final MS- DOS based version of Windows; at the Win. HEC conference on April 7, 1. Steve Ballmer announced an updated version of 9. Windows Millennium.
Microsoft also planned to push back Neptune in favor of an interim, but consumer- oriented NT- based OS codenamed "Asteroid". Concepts introduced by Neptune would influence future Windows products; in Windows ME, the activity center concept was used for System Restore and Help and Support (which both combined Win. Internet Explorer's layout engine), the hub concept would be expanded on Windows Phone, and Windows 8 would similarly use a simplified user interface running atop the existing Windows shell.[1. As "Whistler"In January 2.
Windows 2. 00. 0, technology writer Paul Thurrott reported that Microsoft had shelved both Neptune and Odyssey in favor of a new product codenamed Whistler, after Whistler, British Columbia, as many Microsoft employees skied at the Whistler- Blackcomb ski resort. The goal of Whistler was to unify both the consumer and business- oriented Windows lines under a single, Windows NT platform, further stating that: "Neptune became a black hole when all the features that were cut from [Windows ME] were simply re- tagged as Neptune features. And since Neptune and Odyssey would be based on the same code- base anyway, it made sense to combine them into a single project".[1.
At Win. HEC in April 2. Microsoft officially announced and presented an early build of Whistler, focusing on a new modularized architecture, built- in CD burning, fast user switching, and updated versions of the digital media features introduced by ME. Windows general manager Carl Stork stated that Whistler would be released in both consumer- and business- oriented versions built atop the same architecture, and that there were plans to update the Windows interface to make it "warmer and more friendly".[1. In June 2. 00. 0, Microsoft began the technical beta testing process; Whistler was expected to be made available in "Personal", "Professional", "Server", "Advanced Server", and "Datacenter" editions.
At PDC on July 1. Microsoft announced that Whistler would be released during the second half of 2. The build notably introduced an early version of a new visual styles system along with an interim theme known as "Professional" (later renamed "Watercolor"), and contained a hidden "Start page" (a full- screen page similar to Neptune's "Starting Places"), and a hidden, early version of a two- column Start menu design.[2. Build 2. 25. 7 featured further refinements to the Watercolor theme, along with the official introduction of the two- column Start menu, and the addition of an early version of Windows Firewall.[1. Beta releasesMicrosoft released Whistler Beta 1, build 2. October 3. 1, 2. 00. Build 2. 41. 0 in January 2.
Internet Explorer 6. Windows Product Activation system. Bill Gates dedicated a portion of his keynote at Consumer Electronics Show to discuss Whistler, explaining that the OS would bring "[the] dependability of our highest end corporate desktop, and total dependability, to the home", but also "move it in the direction of making it very consumer- oriented. Making it very friendly for the home user to use." Alongside Beta 1, it was also announced that Microsoft would prioritize the release of the consumer- oriented versions of Whistler over the server- oriented versions in order to gauge reaction, but that they would be both generally available during the second half of 2. Whistler Server would ultimately be delayed into 2.
Builds 2. 41. 6 and 2. File and Transfer Settings Wizard and began to introduce elements of the operating system's final appearance (such as its near- final Windows Setup design, and the addition of new default wallpapers, such as Bliss).[2.
On February 5, 2. Microsoft officially announced that Whistler would be known as Windows XP, short for "experience". As a complement, the next version of Microsoft Office was also announced as Office XP.
Microsoft stated that the name "[symbolizes] the rich and extended user experiences Windows and Office can offer by embracing Web services that span a broad range of devices." In a press event at EMP Museum in Seattle on February 1. Microsoft publicly unveiled the new "Luna" user interface of Windows XP. Windows XP Beta 2, build 2. Luna style), was launched at Win. HEC on March 2. 5, 2. In April 2. 00. 1, Microsoft controversially announced that XP would not integrate support for Bluetooth or USB 2. Critics felt that in the case of the latter, Microsoft's decision had delivered a potential blow to the adoption of USB 2.
XP was to provide support for the competing, Apple- developed, Fire. Wire standard instead. A representative stated that the company had "[recognized] the importance of USB 2. Windows XP users after the initial release."[2. The builds prior to and following Release Candidate 1 (build 2.
July 5, 2. 00. 1), and Release Candidate 2 (build 2. July 2. 7, 2. 00. RTM build.[2. 4]RTM and releaseOn August 2.
Windows XP build 2. During a ceremonial media event at Microsoft Redmond Campus, copies of the RTM build were given to representatives of several major PC manufacturers in briefcases, who then flew off on decorated helicopters. While PC manufacturers would be able to release devices running XP beginning on September 2.
XP was expected to reach general, retail availability on October 2. On the same day, Microsoft also announced the final retail pricing of XP's two main editions, "Home" and "Professional".[2. In June 2. 00. 1, Microsoft indicated that it was planning to, in conjunction with Intel and other PC makers, spend at least US$1 billion on marketing and promoting Windows XP.[2.
The theme of the campaign, "Yes You Can", was designed to emphasize the platform's overall capabilities; although XP was initially promoted under the slogan "Prepare to Fly", this was changed due to sensitivity issues after the September 1.